Olędrzy - (not) forgotten neighbors
Who were they?
Originally pioneers from Frisia and the Netherlands, most of the Mennonite creeds, inhabiting villages located in wetlands or sandy areas. Later this name was also used for Scottish, German, Czech settlers settling floodplains.
Anna Eleonore Wilhelmine from the house of Kriese (born 10.09.1821 in Siedlecka † 13 October 1871 in Blumberg, S.A.) and Antoni Maćkowiak (born 03.1817 in Podstolice) † 14.10.1899 in Blumberg, S.A.). The marriage was concluded in Nekla on May 19, 1846.
Why did they come to Poland?
Due to religious persecution, difficult economic situation and wars.
Why we invited them to our lands?
They were well acquainted with the melioration. The first Dutch olive-dwellers were able to cope with the wetlands where floods were frequent.
The arcade house in Bystrze.
What rights they had?
They were not subject to serfdom, paid rent, were free, could sell their farm and leave the land at any time.
Windmill in Palczewo.
The settlement of Olęderskie (Olenderskie) also called the Dutch is a colonization movement, whose origins in the Polish lands reach the end of the xvi-century. It lasted until the partitions of Poland, and the traces left behind are still visible today.